Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
考察日本交通運輸危安事件應變處理紀要 Summary of Transportation Contingency Response Measures of the Overseas Inspection in Japan
考察團拜會東京警視廳。

為加強我國軌道系統在臺北捷運隨機傷人事件後之安全策進作為,交通部范植谷次長及內政部陳純敬次長共同率警察、消防、鐵路監理及營運等12個單位,於103年8月24日至30日赴日本考察交通運輸危安事件應變處理機制與執行情形。
本次考察主要拜會國土交通省、東京警視廳、JR東日本、東京地下鐵等監理、營運及警察單位,瞭解日本因應過去地鐵沙林毒氣事件及世界各國列車炸彈攻擊後,自2005年起定期召開「鐵路反恐對策聯絡會議」,以「警戒隨處可見、全員共同參與」為主軸,持續檢討鐵路系統針對恐怖攻擊之防範嚇阻、及早發現與緊急應變措施;並由政府機關訂定與公告危機管理等級,平時維持在一般警戒(綠色),若接獲威脅情資或發生攻擊事件,則依嚴重情節判斷進入高度(黃色)或嚴重警戒(紅色),並要求營運單位採取必要保安措施。此外,考察團亦拜會日立製作所、鐵道總合技術研究所等研究單位,瞭解日本因應2020年東京奧運,目前致力於臉部辨識監視、軌跡追蹤、爆裂物偵測裝置等反恐科技研發,並現場示範研究成果。
本次考察發現,我國與日本對於危安事件應變之檢討方向,並無顯著差異,不過日本十分重視警戒能見度及反恐技術研發,故交通部已要求各營運機構落實安全警戒及加強標語告示,並推動智慧型監視系統示範計畫,以提升軌道運輸安全維護成效。

As reflection to the random killing incident on the Taipei Metro Blue Line, MOTC Deputy Minister Chih-Ku Fan and MOI Political Vice Minister Chun-Ching Chen led 12 government units including Police Dept, Fire Dept and Railway Supervision and Operation Dept on an inspection tour in Japan to strengthen our national railway safety strategies. The inspection started from Aug. 24 to 30, 2014 focusing on mechanisms and implementation of contingency response toward transportation safety incidents.
In this inspection tour in Japan, the inspection team visited their railway supervision, operation and police units including Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Metropolitan Police Department (MPD), East Japan Railway Company and Tokyo Metro. The Japan Government has been annually holding "Railway Anti-terrorism Strategy Communication Meetings" since 2005 in response to the "Tokyo subway sarin attack" and railway bombing incidents throughout the world. The Meeting discussions always surrounded its backbone: "Warnings are everywhere and full participation is compulsory" and continuously evaluated and improved relevant contingency prevention, deterrence and response measures toward possible terrorist attacks. When encountering a railway incident, the Japanese Government uniformly promulgates the emergency management levels according to level of threat or severity of the happening incident and commands the operational unit to implement obligatory protection measures. The emergency manage levels includes "green" which represents general alert and "yellow" or "red" representing high or hazardous alert. Furthermore, the Taiwan inspection team visited research units including Hitachi, Ltd. and Railway Technical Research Institute (RTRI) to interpret on the innovative technologies and strategies Japan has made in reaction to the coming 2020 Summer Olympics taking place in Tokyo. The research units are currently striving to accomplish anti-terrorism high-tech innovations including the face recognition & surveillance system, trajectory tracking system and explosive detection devices in which they demonstrated research results for the reference of the inspection team.
In review of this overseas inspection, the contingency response measures of Taiwan are in the same orientation as Japan. On the other hand, it is clear that Japan emphasizes more on alert visibility and anti-terrorism technology. Therefore, MOTC has commanded operational organizations to not only improve safety alert and warning signals but also promote intelligent surveillance demonstration projects to heighten the overall safety mechanisms of our national railway transportation.

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