Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
鐵路修建養護規則部分條文修正案簡介 Introduction to the Revised Regulations for Construction and Maintenance of Railway

鐵路修建養護規則係鐵路興建及養護之依據,於49年9月8日由交通部訂定發布。其間經多次修訂,本次交通部再次修正條文並於103年9月23日發布施行。其修正緣起及重點說明如下:
為提升旅客搭乘臺鐵時上下車之安全及效率,自100年6月以後均採購無踏階車輛,全線月台高度需配合車廂地板提高至齊平,故需修訂建築界線之規定以符合實際,爰刪除第16條原條文有關建築界線之附圖,條文並修正為「鐵路機構應視軌道、車輛及電車線等相關設備之規格尺寸,並考量列車行駛所產生之擺動訂定建築界限,使不影響或妨礙車輛運行,且不致產生感電或火災」,前述鐵路機構所訂建築界限,應報請主管機關同意後施行,使建築界線之規定更彈性化。
另查交通部頒鐵路橋梁設計規範已將一般鐵路之設計列車活載重及高速鐵路系統之標準列車活載重納入,為使鐵路橋梁之標準載重規定與交通部頒鐵路橋梁設計規範一致以避免重複規定,爰修正本規則第17條(鐵路)及第102條(高速鐵路)條文。第17條修正為「鐵路橋梁之載重,應依交通部所定規範辦理;規範未規定或有特殊考量者,鐵路機構應擬訂相關規定,報請主管機關同意後施行之」;第102條修正為「高速鐵路橋梁應按高速鐵路系統特性及最大列車活載重設計建造之」。前述修正條文,除確保橋梁設計標準一致外,並提供鐵路技術發展之彈性空間,使鐵路機構得以發揮專業持續提升技術水平。

The Regulations for Construction and Maintenance of Railway were determined and announced on Sep. 8, 1960 by MOTC and have been the basis of such actions. During the past years, many amendments were made to the Regulations and the latest revision was proclaimed on Sep. 23, 2014 by MOTC. Revision contents are comprehended as follows:
The platform construction boundary regulations were revised in accordance with alteration in train staircase designs since June 2011. In 2011, all trains adopted the non-staircase doorways to improve passenger safety and efficiency during getting on and off the train. In this latest regulation revision, clause 16 was revised to: "railway institutions shall base on railway, train and relevant circuit measurements and take its oscillation range into consideration to set architectural boundaries so that it will not affect normal train operation nor cause electric shock or fire accidents". Also, all original adjunct pictures regarding architectural boundaries were removed from the Regulations. The aforementioned boundaries shall be implemented subsequent to the approval from competent authorities. This amendment will bring more flexibility and feasibility to actual implementation.
To avoid inconsistency with "Railway Bridge Design Specifications" proclaimed by MOTC, clause 17 (railway) and clause 102 (high speed railway) which concerned live load on bridge was revised. In MOTC's "Railway Bridge Design Specifications", regulations for designed train loading in general rails and standard train loading in high speed rails were elaborated. Thus, clause 17 was revised into: "the loading of rail bridges shall be based on regulations proclaimed by MOTC. For non-regulated or special cases, such regulations shall be determined by railway organization and implemented upon approval of its competent authorities." Clause 102 was revised into: "the design and construction of high speed railway bridges shall take the maximum train live load and be compatible to high speed rail system specifications." The above amended clauses should assure standard consistency in bridge design standard, make the development of railway techniques more flexible and make the railway institutions to exert professional actions to continually improve the railway technical level.

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