Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
103年度臺南水雉生態教育園區工作執行報導 Execution Report on 2014 Environmental Work in Tainan Pheasant-tailed Jacana Eco-Educational Nature Park
103年12月27日環保署督察總隊會同本局及法官學院至園區了解水雉復育的執行情形。

臺南水雉生態教育園區係本局依據環保署審查通過的「高鐵水雉等保育計畫」,協調臺南市政府、台灣高鐵公司、農委會林務局及保育團體等相關單位,共同參與合作及分擔經費,民國88年起在臺南官田成功營造了15公頃的水雉復育棲地,使得臺灣地區水雉數量從當時不到50隻逐漸成長,目前已至約700隻,族群亦趨穩定。
103年度園區繁殖成果共有119隻成鳥(35雌84雄)參與繁殖,築了161個巢,產下614顆蛋,孵化334隻雛鳥,長成240隻幼鳥,因繁殖期間,七八月平均每週下雨一次,造成很多蛋未孵化,總繁殖成功率為39.1%,繁殖成功率較102年略為下降。園區的水雉族群數量至年底仍維持在230隻左右,惟受農藥中毒死亡的影響,每年都會減損一些,12月已有11隻中毒,僅救活1隻,死亡10隻。水雉農藥中毒事件係因農民在菱角田以直播法轉種稻作時,施有顆粒狀毒餌及顆粒狀農藥所致,可見隨著水雉族群數量逐年增加之時,度冬的保護網需再與時增廣,對農民的宣導仍需持續進行,園區與慈心基金會正積極應對,期望水雉傷亡的數量可以控制,
103年度園區除開放參觀(遊客入園人數近26,000人)外,亦持續推展環境教育,除針對老師、學生與民眾辦理溼地教育營隊外,也開始對政府學校單位辦理環境教育訓練,入園參與環境教育訓練的人數近11,000人,園區講師也到臺南地區各級學校進行環境教育課程,約有4千多人受惠。本局為積極支持園區理念,於11月6日與台灣高鐵公司共80位學員到園區參訪學習,並邀請珍古德博士在園區演講。此外為推廣水雉保育的重要,本局亦參與於9月7日假園區舉辦的水雉生態季開幕活動,傳達透過水雉的保育行動,也能連帶保護菱角的生物多樣性的生態系與菱角產業文化。

The Tainan Pheasant-tailed Jacana Eco-Educational Nature Park was initiated by the "HSR Pheasant-tailed Jacana Conservation Project" carried out by BOHSR and approved by the EPA and was established in 1999 consisting 15 hectares of pheasant-tailed jacana restoration habitat. The establishment of the Park was only possible with successful coordination and contribution of funds by Tainan City Government, THSRC, Forestry Bureau and relevant conservative parties. The jacanas grew from less than 50 in 1999 to over 700 birds now and the community is gradually becoming stable.
In this year, there were 119 adult birds (35 female; 84 male) that participated in reproduction in which 161 nests were made, 614 eggs were laid and 240 eggs were hatched. Due to frequent rain in July and August, many eggs did not successfully hatch, resulting in a low reproduction rate 39.1%, which was slightly lower than last year. Jacanas in the Park maintained at around 230 birds but suffered a slight reduction due to the pesticide poisoning incident. 11 birds were found poisoned in December in which one survived and the other ten died. The incident rooted from granular pesticide spread by farmers during seeding. This incident showed that the protection net for jacanas during the winter shall expand over time and the promotion of pesticide-free farming shall continue. The Park and also Tse-Xin Organic Agriculture Foundation have been working out strategies regarding this matter in hope of controlling the casualty count.
In 2014, besides the 26,000 individuals who entered the park, the Park also actively conducted many environmental education trainings including wetlands camps for individuals and trainings for educational organizations. Total of 11,000 participants attended these trainings in the park and more than 4,000 students/teachers had the chance to take part in such trainings in their own schools. To show support in the Park's environmental concept, BOHSR sent 80 representatives to the Park for an educational visit and invited Dr. Jane Goodall to deliver a brilliant environmental speech in the Park. In addition, BOHSR attended the opening ceremony of Pheasant-tailed Jacana Ecological Festival. The estival theme was "protection", hoping by positively preserving the habitat of jacanas, the diversity of Taiwan chestnuts will be protected and the local chestnut industrial culture will be preserved.

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