Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
本局102年度參與臺南水雉生態教育園區工作執行報導 Executive Report on BOHSR's Participation in Tainan Jacana Ecological Education Park in 2013
保育類物種水雉生活照。(翁榮炫主任提供,攝於臺南水雉生態教育園區)

高速鐵路是臺灣西部走廊的交通骨幹,為南來北往的社會大眾提供了快速便捷的先進軌道運輸服務,同時為了環境保護,復育已瀕臨危險的水雉,在高鐵動工之前,本局依據環保署審查通過的「高鐵水雉等保育計畫」,協調臺南市政府、台灣高鐵公司、農委會林務局及保育團體等相關單位,共同參與合作及分擔經費,民國88年起在臺南官田成功營造了15公頃的水雉復育棲地,後來還成立了水雉生態教育園區,使得臺灣地區水雉數量從當時不到50隻逐漸成長,目前已至約500隻,族群亦趨穩定。此保育計畫兼顧交通建設、經濟開發及環境保護,成為政府、民間企業及保育團體三方合作成功的典範。
102年度臺南水雉生態教育園區的水雉族群數量由年初約90隻,至年底仍維持在140隻左右,然而受農藥中毒死亡的影響,減損剩約80隻群。本年度水雉園區計有123隻成鳥水雉在園區內繁殖,共築145個巢,產下575顆蛋,孵化360隻雛鳥,長成256隻幼鳥。本年度參與繁殖的成鳥數量為再次創歷年新高,且本年度無論是孵化數、雛鳥長成數均創歷年來之新高紀錄,足見管理經驗具有良好成效。
然而102年12月初發生水雉疑似農藥中毒死亡事件,係因農民在菱田以直播法轉種稻作時,施有顆粒狀毒餌及顆粒狀農藥所致,可見隨著水雉族群數量逐年增加之時,度冬的保護網需再與時增廣,對農民的宣導仍需持續進行,幸好本事件因園區處理迅速得宜,讓水雉傷亡可以控制。
102年度園區亦持續推展環境教育,除針對學生與民眾辦理溼地教育營隊外,也開始對政府學校單位辦理環境教育訓練,本局為積極支持園區理念,於102年10月15日與台灣高鐵公司共80位學員到園區參訪學習。此外為推廣水雉保育的重要,本局亦參與於9月20日假園區舉辦的水雉生態季開幕活動,並特由胡代理局長湘麟率隊參加,關懷義工及農友對生態保護的重視及努力。

Playing the role as the most convenient and fastest way of transportation from northern to southern Taiwan, BOHSR also bears the great responsibility of environment preservation. In advance of the groundbreaking of HSR constructions, BOSHR gathered Tainan City Government, THSRC, Forestry Bureau from Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, and conservation groups to execute the "HSR Jacana Conservation Project" which was assessed and approved by EPA. The project was together planned and shared costs by the cooperating associations which in 1999 successfully built a 15 hectare Jacana Reproduction Habitat and later established the Jacana Ecological Education Park in Tainan. Such achievements of the project induced growth of Taiwan jacana population from less than 50 in the beginning to now around 500 jacanas and still growing. This conservation project combined three domains including transportation infrastructure, economic development and environmental protection, and is one of the most successful models of Government-private corporations-conservation association cooperative events.
In 2013, the population of jacanas in Jacana Ecological Education Park started from around 90 to 140 by the end of the year, but due to pesticide poison, there were only about 80 remained. About the calculations in this year, there were 123 adult birds which reproduced in the Park, 145 nests made, 575 eggs laid in which 360 nestlings were hatched and grown into 256 jacanas. The amount of birds participating in this year's reproduction, the amount of hatched nestlings and jacanas grown created a record comparing to past years which indicated that management experience has created great results.
In contrast of the great annual reproduction results, there was a hiccup in December which several jacanas died in a pesticide poison incident. This incident was caused by usage of pesticide pellets in water chestnut fields. This incident showed that we will need to expand the protection net of jacanas in the winter and also continue education on environmental preservation to local farmers. Fortunately, the incident was handled appropriately and the deaths of jacanas were controlled to a minimum.
The Jacana Ecological Education Park continued to promote environmental protection throughout the year. Other than the regular educational camps held for students and local residents, the park started holding environment educational trainings for government units and schools. In support with the concept of Jacana Ecological Education Park, BOHSR together with THSRC led 80 trainees for an educational visit of the park on October 15th 2013. Moreover, to promote the importance of jacana conservation and also appreciate the great efforts made by volunteers and farmers, BOHSR attended the opening ceremony of Jacana Ecological Season on September 20th which was led by Acting Director General Hu Hsiang-Lin.

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