Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
機場捷運台北車站(A1)及隧道段工程用地有償撥用取得辦理情形 Implementation of Appropriation of Public Land with Compensation for TIAA MRT Taipei Main Station (A1) and Tunnel Constructions

「臺灣桃園國際機場聯外捷運系統建設計畫」(以下簡稱機場捷運)三重站至台北車站特定專用區之路段原採高架設計施工,臺北市政府基於都市長遠發展及國家門戶首都意象改採地下方案,交通部予以尊重,94年與臺北市政府簽訂「行政契約」,委由該府辦理土建及一般機電工程所需之設計、用地取得及興建等必要工作,並約定該路段捷運建設完工後,捷運系統營運所必要之設施、使用空間包括捷運設施與土地開發共構工程中屬捷運設施部分及其持分土地所有權,臺北市政府應依約無償交付移轉予交通部。
臺北市政府辦理上開用地取得作業時,比照該府捷運工程局辦理臺北都會區大眾捷運系統工程用地取得模式,將土地所有權人登記為「臺北市」,管理機關為「臺北市政府捷運工程局」,致捷運建設完工後無法依「行政契約」無償交付移轉產權為國有,衍生後續用地使用收益爭議。考量本路段用地取得係委辦性質,其相關費用悉由交通部負擔,經報請行政院103年8月21日同意依「行政契約」約定,將本路段土地產權以「更正」登記辦理所有權移轉為「中華民國」所有;並函示爾後類此由中央機關出資並委由地方政府辦理用地取得之案件,仍應由中央機關擔任需用土地人,避免再衍生土地產權移轉爭議。
機場捷運台北車站(A1)及隧道段工程用地需要,申請有償撥用臺鐵局經管臺北市中正區公園段一小段211-7地號、大同區玉泉段二小段365-8、366-8、371-33、371-34、371-36、371-38、371-45、650-2地號等9筆土地,即依前開行政院函示,由本局為需用土地人陳報交通部轉請行政院准予辦理,土地產權登記為「中華民國」,管理機關為本局。

In the original design of TIAA MRT constructions from Sanchong Station to Taipei Main Station, elevated routes were adopted. However, due to enduring urban planning and the appearance of our capital, Taipei City Government (TCG) proposed to adopt underground system for this section in which MOTC accepted the proposal. In 2005, MOTC entrusted TCG to execute designing, land acquisition and construction of civil engineering and E&M engineering of TIAA MRT System for this certain section. In the signed TIAA MRT Administration Contract, TCG agreed to unconditionally transfer ownership of operational facilities, the land of TIAA MRT System and the integrated structures to MOTC after completion of the construction project.
Regarding the land ownership issue, during initial land acquisition executed by TCG, the executive unit registered the ownership of project land as "Taipei City" and administrative authority as "Department of Rapid Transit Systems (DORTS)". Due to different level of ownership, the ownership of land could not be successfully transferred from a city-owned entity (TCG) to a national entity (MOTC) after project construction. Thus, the mutual agreement of land transfer in the contract could not be fulfilled which led to controversial issues in land use benefits. In response to this matter, MOTC covered additional costs concerning this transfer due to the entrustment nature of this case and in accordance to the fulfillment of the TIAA MRT Administration Contract, the registration of land was revised to "Republic of China" on Aug. 21, 2014 with approval from the Executive Yuan. In addition, the Executive Yuan instructed that such land acquisition cases funded by central government entities shall be registered under the central government entity to avoid future land transfer controversies.
Owing to construction demands for TIAA MRT Taipei Main Station (A1) and the tunnel sections, BOHSR applied for appropriation of public land with compensation to TRA including Land No. 211-7 in Gongyuan Section, Zhongzheng District and Land No. 365-8, 366-8, 371-33, 371-34, 371-36, 371-38, 371-45, 650-2 in Yuquan Section, Datong District. In accordance to commands given out by the Executive Yuan, BOHSR will report to MOTC who will submit application to Executive Yuan and the ownership of public land will be registered as "Republic of China" under administrative authority of BOHSR.

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