Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
高鐵新竹湖口隧道段地震聯合演練觀察報告 Report on Joint Earthquake Drill at the HSR Tunnel Section in Hsinchu Hukou Area
以新竹03逃生出口進行旅客疏散及搶救傷患

台灣高鐵公司依據「高鐵整體防救災應變計畫」及該公司104年災害防救演練計畫,邀集新竹縣消防局、警察局、衛生局、警政署鐵路警察局、陸軍部隊北測中心等外援單位,於104年5月27日上午09:30假高鐵新竹湖口隧道段辦理「地震列車脫軌救援聯合演練」。
本次演練主要目的為精進高鐵員工及外援單位熟悉高鐵隧道路段發生地震造成列車脫軌之緊急應變、通報、疏散及大量傷患緊急救護等應變處理作業程序,強化跨單位協同應變高鐵緊急事件之作業機制。
本次演練情境:某日新竹地區發生六級強烈地震,高鐵桃園到苗栗路段沿線地震計分別接收到4~6級不等之震度,自動列車控制系統立即發出緊急停車訊號給該路段所有運轉中之列車。其中南下T115列車回報於新竹湖口隧道段發生列車脫軌並喪失電力,全車共計530名旅客,其中30人輕傷、6人重傷。行控中心確認現場狀況後,指示就地以新竹03逃生出口(位於陸軍北測中心靶場內)進行旅客疏散,並通知軍方、新竹車站災害防護隊及相關外援單位前往救援。新竹車站災害防護隊於現場成立前進指揮所劃設各項作業區,引導消防局救護人員進行傷患旅客搶救;陸軍北測中心派員指揮救災車輛動線,醫護兵協助傷患救援;警察單位執行災害現場管制疏散秩序及外圍週遭交通管制;衛生局成立急救站進行搶救及檢傷分類並護送就醫;基地技術工程隊進行搶修復原工作,並進行現場指揮官指揮權移轉作業。
經現場觀察,本次演練依「高鐵整體防救災應變計畫」之緊急應變標準作業程序:事故發生察覺與通報、受理確認、通報派遣、人員避難及緊急動員、救援單位初步應變、事故處置與傷患救助、善後復原等七個程序進行,參加演練人員依其任務分工完成各項動作。本局將持續督導台灣高鐵公司針對演練之缺失加強訓練,並回饋修正「高鐵整體防救災應變計畫」。

At 9:30am, May 27, 2015, THSRC hosted the "Joint Drill of Derailment Rescue during an Earthquake" at HSR Hukou, Hsinchu tunnel in accordance to the "HSR Holistic Disaster Prevention Plan" and "2015 Hazard Prevention Drill Project". THSRC invited not only the Fire Bureau, Police Bureau and Public Health Bureau of Hsinchu County Government but also support units including Railway Police Bureau and the ROCA Taipei Testing Center to take part in this drill.
The primary goal of this drill is to enhance response, report, evacuate and injury handling abilities of HSR staff and support units during an emergency derailment incident resulted from an earthquake. The drill is aimed to process emergency procedures fluently and strengthen cross-unit communication and operational mechanism.
The simulation of this drill was set at a magnitude 6.0 earthquake happening in Hsinchu area extending to HSR Taoyuan and Miaoli sections with 4-6 magnitude earthquakes. Upon the incident, the ATC system will send out emergency braking signals to all operating trains within the area of impact. Among the impacted trains, T115 southbound train reported back that the train was derailed and lost all power at Hsinchu Hukuo tunnel section containing 530 passengers including 30 passengers with minor injuries and 6 with severe injuries. After confirming incident status, OCC instructed passengers to evacuate through Hsinchu No.03 emergency exit (located inside the ROCA Taipei Testing Center shooting range) and simultaneously informed the military, Hsinchu Station rescue team and other support units to engage in the rescue. Prior to execution of the provisional rescue team, team members will be first instructed of certain operational areas in so when they’re on scene, they can guide firemen and paramedics to efficiently evacuate and rescue the injured passengers.
External support units including ROCA forces are in charge of vehicle rescue routes and provide emergency first aid; police forces are responsible for executing on-scene control of evacuating passengers and surrounding traffic control; the public health bureau will set up an emergency station to provide first aid and examine, categorize and distribute injured patients to hospitals; the technical engineer team will be repairing the site and assisting in command transfer.
In summary, the drill was successfully carried out according to standard operation procedures in the "HSR Holistic Disaster Prevention Plan". The 7 phases of this plan was: perceive the incident and report, receive signal and confirm, report and distribute, evacuate and mobilize, initial response of rescue units, accident managing and first aid providing, and lastly, site repairing. Personnel who took part in the drill all played their parts well which contributed in the completeness of the event. BOHSR will continue to supervise THSRC on improvement measures carried out according to this drill and the measures will continue to contribute to pushing perfection in the "HSR Holistic Disaster Prevention Plan".

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