Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
交通部首次辦理臺鐵定期檢查 MOTC Implemented the TRA Annual Inspection for the First Time
交通部召開臺鐵定期檢查起始會議。

為提升鐵路營運監理之全面性,交通部除長期辦理高鐵、森鐵及糖鐵年度定期檢查外,自104年度更首次辦理臺鐵定期檢查,正式將國營鐵路納入鐵路監理範疇,堪稱鐵路監理之重要拼圖。
交通部對於各鐵路系統之監理方式,過往依據鐵路法第4條規定,對民營及專用鐵路交由鐵路營運監理小組(高鐵局派員兼任)執行監督與檢查,對國營鐵路則交由臺鐵局本於營運機構權責自主管理為原則,故鮮少指派具鐵路專業且長期從事相關業務之人員,對臺鐵營運、維修、安全管理等業務進行檢查或考核。有鑒於臺鐵無論在路線長度、客貨運量、行車事故件數等方面,均遠高於其他鐵路,且各界對鐵路安全日益關切,國營鐵路自主管理已難以符合現代鐵路安全強調外部監督之趨勢。因此,鐵路法於103年6月18日增列第44條之1國營鐵路之監督,準用第41條交通部應定期或視需要派員視察或查核鐵路工程、材料、營業、運輸等情形之規定,交通部並責成鐵路營運監理小組執行定期檢查,以期藉由監理小組之專業能力及監理經驗,從外部監督角度提供臺鐵局在行車運轉、安全管理、機車車輛檢修、路線修建養護等方面之精進與強化建議,甚至鼓勵臺鐵局學習仿效其他鐵路之優點,在軟硬體設計或營運維修管理機制等方面,納入現代化及系統生命週期之元素,以提升整體鐵路安全與服務績效。
鐵路營運監理小組已於104年9月1日至7日執行臺鐵定期檢查,對於所提檢查結果及應行改進事項,將督促臺鐵局從行車設備、從業人員、規章程序與安全管理制度等方面,持續檢討與精進,盼能逐步帶動鐵路安全向上提升。

For the purpose of strengthening the comprehensiveness of railway operation supervision, aside from the annual HSR, Forest Railway and Taiwan Sugar Company Exclusive Railway inspections carried out by MOTC, annual inspections on the entire TRA system will be implemented with the very first one in 2015. Further going, the nationalized railway system will officially be brought into the scope of MOTC railway supervision completing a significant portion in the railway supervision map.
According to Article No.4 of Railway Act, the inspection for private and exclusive railways should be implemented by the Railways Supervision Task Force (BOHSR associates). As for nationalized railways, inspection is regulated to self-evaluation by the TRA. Therefore, MOTC had seldom assigned railway experts to inspect TRA operation, maintenance and safety matters in the past. There has been increasing concerns regarding the operational safety of this system due to the length, loading and the amount of operational incidents of the TRA system and the original self-evaluation mechanism has been challenged by the modern trend of external supervision. Consequently, Article 44.1, ‘Nationalized Railway Supervision’, was added to the Railway Act on Jun. 18, 2014 stating that MOTC shall periodically or according to demands inspect the engineering, materials, operation and transportation regulations of the nationalized railways and MOTC shall assign a Railways Supervision Task Force to implement external annual inspections to point out suggestions regarding operation, safety management, train maintenance and route maintenance. Moreover, MOTC encouraged TRA to absorb experiences from other rail systems and introduce modernized and system life cycles elements into hardware/software design and management mechanisms to achieve overall railway safety and service performance.
The Railways Supervision Task Force carried out the TRA annual inspection from Sep. 1 to 7, 2015 and presented inspection results and improvement measures accordingly. The Task Force will supervise TRA to continuously evaluate and improve its operational equipment, operation staff, regulatory procedures and safety management systems in hope of gradually improving the safety of the overall railway environment.

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