Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
本局參與104年度台南水雉生態教育園區工作執行報導 Implementation Report on BOHSR’s Participation in Tainan Pheasant-tailed Jacana Eco-Educational Nature Park in 2015
104年12月6日全國各鳥會協助菱角鳥(水雉)數量大調查。

台南水雉生態教育園區係本局依據環保署審查通過的「高鐵水雉等保育計畫」,協調台南市政府、台灣高鐵公司、農委會林務局及保育團體等相關單位,共同參與合作及分擔經費,民國88年起在台南官田成功營造了15公頃的水雉復育棲地,使得台灣地區水雉數量從當時不到50隻逐漸成長,目前已至711隻,族群亦趨穩定。
104年度園區共有117隻成鳥(39雌78雄)參與繁殖,園區內的水雉族群數量最高曾達172隻,平均也有100隻左右,惟受七、八月大雨頻繁影響,去年繁殖成功率較前年下降,所以族群數量較前年少。另水雉農藥中毒死亡事件部分,因園區與慈心基金會的積極應對,增廣度冬的保護網及加強對農民的宣導,去年12月僅有3隻中毒死亡,較往年少很多。
104年度園區除開放參觀(遊客入園人數為17,469人)外,亦持續推展環境教育,並針對老師、學生與民眾辦理溼地教育營隊共9梯次,共403人參加。也開始至學校辦理環境教育訓練,完成51場次,有3,734人受惠。另園區去年新增與社區夥伴建立關係所舉辦的講座共計9場,共有141人參與。本局為持續積極支持園區理念,於9月22日與台灣高鐵公司共80位學員到園區進行環境教育訓練。此外為推廣水雉保育的重要,本局亦參與於9月27日假園區舉辦的水雉生態季開幕活動,主題是「雉在生活,從菱開始」,希望透過此項活動,傳達保護水雉的重要性。

The Tainan Pheasant-tailed Jacana Eco-Educational Nature Park was initiated by the "HSR Pheasant-tailed Jacana Conservation Project" carried out by BOHSR and approved by the EPA. The park was established in 1999 consisting 15 hectares of pheasant-tailed jacana restoration habitat. The establishment of the Park was only possible with successful coordination and contribution of funds by Tainan City Government, THSRC, Forestry Bureau and relevant conservative parties. The jacanas grew from less than 50 in 1999 to over 711 birds now and the community is gradually becoming stable.
In 2015, there were 117 adult birds (39 female; 78 male) that participated in reproduction. The bird count peaked 172 only once but had remained an average of 100 birds throughout the year. Due to frequent rain in July and August, many eggs did not successfully hatch, resulting in a lower reproduction rate and population comparing to last year. Regarding the pesticide poisoning incident, there were only 3 poisoned jacanas in December last year thanks to the park staff and Tse-Xin Organic Agriculture Foundation who proactively expanded the protection net in winter and promoted the concept of pesticide reduction to local farmers.
Last year, besides the 17,469 individuals who entered the park, the Park also actively launched many environmental education trainings including 9 wetlands camps for teachers and students which attracted 403 participants. In addition, the Park conducted 51 educational trainings at schools benefiting 3,734 people. Moreover, there were 9 lectures co-hosted by the Park and nearby communities with a total of 141 attendees. To show support and consensus in the Park's environmental concept, BOHSR sent 80 representatives to the Park for an educational visit on Sep. 22. Furthermore, BOHSR attended the opening ceremony of Pheasant-tailed Jacana Ecological Festival on Sep. 27 in which the annual theme was "A Jacana Life, The Water Chestnut Start", targeting to send the message of jacana preservation and the concept of protecting the wetland habitat and its wildlife.

  • 104年12月6日菱角鳥大調查時發現官田某農田上有百隻左右水雉群聚。
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