Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
本局105年度高鐵計畫紅火蟻防治工作辦理情形 BOHSR Execution Report on “2016 Red Imported Fire Ant Control Project”
紅火蟻緊急防治(蟻丘灌注)工作。

本局係依據所訂定之「紅火蟻標準作業程序」辦理高鐵計畫的入侵紅火蟻防治及監測工作,105年度進行現場偵查及列管區域防治等2項作業。現場偵查作業分為本局權屬及台灣高鐵公司權屬2部分,每年約於4月中旬起開始執行。本局部分包含台南、嘉義、雲林、台中、苗栗、新竹及桃園等7個車站特定區內之權屬用地,每年辦理現場偵查1次;台灣高鐵公司權屬部分包含各車站、總機廠及基地等,因該公司每年會自行定期辦理檢查,本局每年選擇2處抽查,並就書面及現場進行偵查。
本年度的現場偵查作業已於105年7月29日執行完畢,偵查的方式是依國家紅火蟻防治中心建議,先進行目視檢查後,再採用市售品牌原味洋芋片,剝成小片,每片大約7x1.4cm撒在地上,約40至60分鐘後進行檢查,查看是否有疑似紅火蟻,結果為除被國家紅火蟻防治中心已列管之高鐵新竹車站附屬事業用地仍有入侵紅火蟻外,其餘並無發現紅火蟻蹤跡。
上述高鐵新竹車站附屬事業用地,分別於本年(105年)3月及6月委託專業廠商進行紅火蟻防治作業(包含緊急處理及定期防治),該區域紅火蟻發生等級已從第三級降為第一級,影響程度已由嚴重轉成輕微,後續將持續防治,以達成零級無紅火蟻發生為目標。

BOHSR implemented the RIFA preventive and monitoring operations along HSR according to “RIFA Control Standard Protocol”. In 2016, the control project included onsite inspection of RIFA scenes and preventive measures in the RIFA-monitored areas. Onsite inspection operations were divided into BOHSR-owned and THSRC-owned sections and are implemented around mid-April each year. BOHSR-owned sections included HSR Tainan, Chiayi, Yunlin, Taichung, Miaoli, Hsinchu and Taoyuan station districts and should be inspected once a year; THSRC-owned areas included each station, main workshops and depots. Since THSRC implements self-inspections every year, BOHSR annually spot-checks two areas to execute documental and onsite inspections.
The annual RIFA Control Project has been completed by Jul. 29, 2016. The inspection measures were suggested by National RIFA Control Center in which the first step is visually inspect the suspected areas then press originally-flavored chips into 7cm × 1.4cm pieces and scatter evenly onto the floor. After 40 to 60 minutes, the inspectors will check if the ants are found in the chip-scattered range. Results showed that other than the affiliated business land of HSR Hsinchu Station which is already listed as RIFA-monitored area by National RIFA Control Center, all inspected areas were negative of RIFA.
The abovementioned affiliated business land of HSR Hsinchu Station has respectively entrusted specialized providers to implement RIAF preventive operations (including emergency measures and regular preventive measures) in March and June 2016. The level of RIFA occurrence of the area has downgraded from third grade to first grade and the impact degree has turned from severe into mild. Subsequently, prevention and treatment measures will continue to be carried out to achieve zero level RIFA occurrence as the goal.

  • 紅火蟻定期防治(噴灑藥劑)工作。
  • 辦理紅火蟻偵查作業。
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