Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
機場捷運蘆竹機廠生態池介紹 Introduction to the Ecological Pools in TIAA MRT Lujhu Depot
生態池鳥瞰圖。

機場捷運共設有青埔及蘆竹兩處維修機廠,青埔機廠為五級之主維修廠,蘆竹機廠為三級之維修廠。機廠主要目的係於興建期間提供電聯車及機電系統各項測試需求之場地;另於營運期間提供車輛駐放、維修及清洗等日常營運功能。
蘆竹機廠基地位於南崁溪北側,鄰桃園市蘆竹區山菓路旁,佔地面積約24.6 公頃,依不同土地使用項目,分為機廠主建築區、周邊農路改道及外圍新增道路、既有農田灌溉水路改道及保育區等。保育區主要目的為維持基地自然淨化空氣、涵養水源、平衡生態之功能,於基地北、東側邊界之新增道路用地後方留設10公尺以上之緩衝綠帶作為保育區,面積約為7.5公頃,佔總面積之30%。另為減緩蘆竹機廠開發對周邊環境之衝擊,於機廠東側圓弧狀保育區內,設置面積約0.4公頃之生態池,以替代因本案開發遭廢除之既有溜池。
生態池深約1.5公尺,主要機能係提供一個多樣性的生態環境,大量提高廠區的綠建築指標。生態池區域內設置生態水池,有效的收集地表逕流水,以增加地表滲水率,達成涵養地下水功能。並栽植多樣性的臺灣原生種之親水喬木,包括穗花棋盤腳、翠綠水社柳及水楊梅等,及水生植物,包括翠蘆莉、鳶尾、野薑花及月桃等,另設置多孔隙生態區,創造出一個低管理維護,自然演替的生態環境。
目前蘆竹機廠生態池及周邊生態系,因相關親水喬木及水生植物陸續成活並生長良好,已吸引許多鳥類及昆蟲棲息,池中並有臺灣鯛、烏鰡及水生昆蟲等。期許在營運單位接手管理後,生態池的生態環境將更加優質,生態系將更加豐富多樣。

The TIAA MRT System has Chingpu and Lujhu maintenance depots in which Chingpu is a fifth-level main depot and Lujhu is a third-level depot. The main purpose of the depot is to provide a venue for the testing of the EMUs and E&M systems during the construction period and to provide day-to-day operational functions such as vehicle parking, maintenance and cleaning during operation.
Lujhu Depot is located at the north side of Nankan River near Shanguo Road of Luzhu District, Taoyuan City. The depot covers an area of about 24.6 hectares. According to different land use categories, Luzhou Depot is divided into the main building area, surrounding agricultural roads and new periphery roads, existing agricultural irrigation diversions and conservation areas. The main purpose of the conservation area is to maintain natural purification of air in the depot, water conservation and balancing the ecological environment. The area behind the new roads on the north and east side of the depot with a buffer green belt of 10 meters or more is reserved as the conservation area. It is about 7.5 hectares and is 30% of the total area. In addition, in order to reduce the impact of the development of Lujhu depot on the surrounding environment, an ecological pool of about 0.4 hectare was set up in the arc-shaped conservation area on the eastern side of the depot to replace the existing pool which was abolished by the development of this project.
The main function of the 1.5 meter ecological pool is to provide diversity of the ecological environment in order to massively increase green building indicators in the depot. Ecological pool within the region can be set up to effectively collect surface runoff water to increase the surface seepage rate to achieve conservation of groundwater. The hydrophilic arbors of the Taiwan native species, which are planted in the ecological pool area, include the small-leaved barringtonia, kusano willow and wood avens; other aquatic plants such as Britton's wild petunia, iris, butterfly ginger and shell-flower are also planted in the area. In addition, the area included a porous ecological zone, creating a low management and maintenance, natural succession ecological environment. At present, the ecological pools and surrounding ecosystems of the hydrophilic arbors and aquatic plants have attracted many birds and insects including tilapia, black Chinese roach, and aquatic insects. We expect that after proper management of the operation units, the quality of the ecological environment will be better and the ecosystem will be even more abundant and diverse.

  • 蘆竹機廠鳥瞰。
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