Nations like Japan, South Korea, Mainland China, Europe and other advanced countries, all are equipped with railway research dedicated institutions responsible for system security and industrial R & D affairs of the railway industry. Besides, Thailand is actively promoting the establishment of a dedicated agency. In our country, the road transport has Automotive Research & Testing Center and Vehicle Safety Certification Center; for shipping, the CR Classification Society can assist the government to handle the norms and standards, statutory testing, product testing and support industry research and development business. Yet the railway system is still lack of similar institutions.
The MOTC has attempted to achieve four major functions by setting up a railway technical institute: 1. Through technical research and development and providing railway product inspection and certification services, with the various norms and standards of the railway system to enhance the development of the railway industry. Reduce the dependence on imported technology and ensure the safety, quality and standardization of domestic components. 2. To enhance the domestic railway component self-made rate and meet relevant standards to ensure its safety and quality; reduce the import demand of maintenance spare parts, thereby reducing operating costs and provide railway operating maintenance technical support and component development. 3. Provide professional and technical analysis with third party organizations to assist the MOTC to carry out accident investigation according to law to find out the cause of the accident and prevention measures. Provide professional technical support to reduce foreign technical dependence. 4. Play a part of important platform connecting Taiwan’s railway system specifications and standards with international standards.
The Executive Yuan has approved the project on Mar. 22, 2017 and incorporated into the current government's forward-looking infrastructure program. The timeline of the project will be moved forward and the government will expand its key railway construction and invest in resources to establish the institute. Through national railway industry standards, the product testing and certification of manufacturers will ensure its stability and safety. In addition, the procurement of vehicle system and other components from equipment manufacturers can completely connect to downstream manufacturing and assembly manufacturers and operating agencies to accelerate industrial restructuring and development. We will use this opportunity to accumulate the experience of domestic production and performance, gradually implementing the nationalization of railway industry and stride towards the international market.