Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
軌道研究測試機構拜會紀要 Summary of the Visits to Railway Research and Testing Organizations
簡介車輛研究測試中心廠區配置。

本局為推動軌道技術研究暨驗證中心計畫,於今年5月起陸續安排局內長官及相關業務單位同仁拜會經濟部工業局、台灣車輛公司、車輛研究測試中心、國家中山科學研究院及工業技術研究院等單位,一方面瞭解國內既有檢測設備、技術能量與產業需求外,另一方面則瞭解各檢測機構實驗室建置及營運經驗,以作為軌道中心後續建設參考。
本局藉由拜會工業局,針對國內軌道產業發展政策、檢測驗證業務推動等議題交換意見,並至台灣車輛公司,以瞭解軌道產業及相關協力廠商技術能量、發展瓶頸及廠商期盼政府儘速制定國家標準之需求與急迫性,進而協助產業技術升級與市場本土化。
此外,我國於50~70年間為發展國防及工業技術自主,分別成立中科院及工研院,投資上百億資金建構完整之技術研發體系,迄今累積多年研發經驗與檢測驗證能力,培育諸多專業技術人才。經濟部亦於79年依據促進汽車工業發展方案,扶植國內車輛產業升級發展並提供具國際公信力之車輛及零組件檢測與認證服務,成立車輛研究測試中心。該中心是屬於政府與民間共同合作專為汽機車產業而設之研究機構,其性質、規模與本局所推動之軌道中心計畫相近,因此其成立過程與經驗極具參考價值。
綜整各機構所提供檢測技術能量,範圍涵蓋環境、疲勞耐久、噪音振動、衝擊碰撞、牽引動力、材料物理、電磁相容、防火耐燃以及量測校正等多項領域,大部分因與軌道測試零組件之體積、重量上有差距,量測能力尚需進一步補強。尤尚缺乏耐高電壓、高強度、高速度以及軌道車輛轉向架、煞車、集電等系統性能模擬之測試設備與能力。
軌道中心已納入前瞻基礎建設計畫,未來將成為軌道產業檢測驗證平台,結合國內既有技術業務能量,並搭配營運機構及軌道產業實務需求,發展我國未來軌道工業。因此,本局未來將於檢測驗證項目規劃與儀器設備採購等階段,充分與前述機構合作,冀望建立國際級之技術研究暨驗證機構,以支援發展我國軌道產業。

In order to promote the Railway Technical Research and Certification Institute Project, BOHSR has successively arranged relevant supervisors and associates since May this year to pay official calls to the Industrial Development Bureau (MOEA), Taiwan Rolling Stock Co., Ltd. (TRSC), Automotive Research & Testing Center (ARTC), National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology (NCSIST) and Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI). On the one hand to understand domestic testing equipment, technical energy and industrial needs; on the other hand, to understand laboratory construction and operational experience of the testing agencies as reference for the following Railway Technical Research and Certification Institute construction.
By visiting the Industrial Development Bureau, BOHSR exchanged views on topics such as domestic rail industry development policies and promotion of inspection and verification matters. As for the TRSC, the bureau went to understand the technical expertise and development bottlenecks. BOHSR also understood the demand and urgency of the railway industry and related manufacturers toward the Government regarding the national standards establishment matter for further industrial technology upgrade and market localization.
During 1960-1980, Taiwan focused on the development of independent national defense and industrial technology, established the NCSIST and ITRI and invested tens of billions of funds to build a complete technology research and development system. So far, we have accumulated years of experience in research & development and testing & verification capabilities and also cultivated numerous professional and technical personnel. In 1990, MOEA set up the ARTC based on the promotion of the automobile industry development program, to support the upgrade and development of the domestic vehicle industry and provide testing and certification services with international credibility for vehicles and components. The center is a research institution that is part of both the government and civil society to work exclusively for the automotive and motor industry. Its nature and scale are similar to the Railway Technical Research and Certification Institute Project that is planned by BOHSR so its establishment process and experience are of great reference value.
Integrating the testing technical strengths provided by the organizations, the scope covered environment, fatigue and durability, noise and vibration, shock an bump, traction power, material physics, electromagnetic compatibility, flammability, measurement and correction and other fields. Most of the measurement capacities still need further reinforcement since there are often gaps between the volume and weight of the rail testing components. Currently, the domestic rail measurement technology and equipment still lack abilities to endure high voltage, high strength and high speed and also lack system performance simulation equipment and capacities including rail vehicle bogies, brakes, and collectors.
The Railway Technical Research and Certification Institute Project has been incorporated into the Forward-Looking Infrastructure Plan. The project will turn into a testing and verification platform in the future, combining with the existing domestic technology business energy with practical demands of operating agencies and the rail industry, to develop Taiwan's future railway industry. Therefore, BOHSR will fully cooperate with the aforementioned institutions during the project planning and equipment procurement stages of testing and verification matters, hoping to establish a world-class technology research and certification institution to support the development of our domestic railway industry.

  • 參觀車輛研究測試中心之電磁相容實驗室。
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