Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
106年度台南水雉生態教育園區工作執行成果 Execution Results of 2017 BOHSR Environmental Work in Tainan Pheasant-tailed Jacana Eco-Educational Nature Park
本局與台灣高鐵公司人員在官田水雉生態教育園區接受環境教育訓練。消防隊使用擔架進行傷患搶救之演練。

台南水雉生態教育園區係本局協調相關單位,於民國89年起在台南官田成功營造了15公頃的水雉復育棲地,使得台灣地區水雉數量從當時不到50隻,到106年12月3日園區號召各地保育團體進行全國菱角鳥大調查,共發現有1,478隻,比105年所發現的1,272隻,增加206隻。
106年度園區內共有104隻水雉成鳥(雌鳥34隻、雄鳥70隻)參與繁殖,築145個巢,總蛋數526個,有71巢孵化出202隻雛鳥,成功復育育成幼鳥數共113隻,總孵化率38.4%、總存活率55.9%與總繁殖率21.5%。惟106年因受到7月颱風大雨影響,有31隻雛鳥失蹤,另也有166隻水雉誤食毒餌死亡,代表水雉數量雖然持續成長,但受到氣候變遷及農藥的威脅也愈大,這都是園區工作小組必須面對的難題,目前園區正研議因應對策,這多年來園區已將友善耕種的觀念推廣出去,支持生物多樣性及綠色保育的人也愈來愈多,台灣環境的未來仍是值得期待的。
106年度園區除開放參觀(遊客入園人數為16,835人)外,亦持續推展環境教育,並針對老師、學生與民眾辦理各種環境教育訓練營隊共94梯次,共3,602人參加。本局為工作小組一員,仍持續積極宣導園區理念給員工,於8月25日與台灣高鐵公司共86位學員到園區進行環境教育訓練。此外為推廣保育的重要,本局亦參與於9月23日假園區舉辦的水雉生態季開幕活動,主題是「雉在里山」,恢復農田濕地生態服務為活動目標,當天也邀請了很多當地實行友善耕作的農友現身說法,也顯示多年來園區工作小組共同努力的成果,已經推展到農民,並受到大眾的支持。

The Tainan Pheasant-tailed Jacana Eco-Educational Nature Park was coordinated by BOHSR with relevant units and was established in 2000 consisting 15 hectares of pheasant-tailed jacana restoration habitat. The jacanas grew from less than 50 birds in year 2000 to 1,478 birds in the national jacana investigation conducted by the Park and many conservation organizations on Dec. 3, 2017. The population even grew 206 more than the calculation of 1,272 birds in 2016.
In 2017, there were 104 adult birds (34 female; 70 male) that participated in reproduction in which 145 nests were made and 526 eggs were laid. Among the eggs, 202 eggs were hatched from 71 nests and 113 nestlings survived. The total hatching rate was 38.4%, survival rate was 55.9% and the total reproduction rate was 21.5%. In July 2017, the heavy rain and typhoons caused disappearance of 31 nestlings and 166 jacanas were found dead eating poison bait. This phenomenon showed that although the population of jacanas has continued to grow, the threats posed by climate change and pesticides are also growing obstacles that the Park must face. The Park is currently drafting up countermeasures in response to the matter. Over the years, the Park has continuously promoted the concept of friendly farming and more and more people now support biodiversity and green conservation. The future of Taiwan's environment is still worth looking forward to.
In 2017, besides 16,835 individuals who entered the park, the Park also actively launched 94 of environmental education trainings and camps for teachers and students which attracted 3,602 participants. As a part of the task force, BOHSR sent 86 representatives to the Park for an educational training on Aug. 25 to show support and consensus in the Park's environmental concept. Furthermore, BOHSR attended the opening ceremony of Pheasant-tailed Jacana Ecological Festival on Sep. 23 in which the annual theme was “Satoyama for Jacanas”, targeting to restore farmland and wetland ecological services. Many farmers that have executed the friendly farming method were invited to the event to share their experiences. This showed that the task force’s efforts and work over the years has influenced to the farmers and has also won major public support.

  • 菱角鳥大調查時所發現的水雉近照(照片由官田水雉生態園區提供)。
  • 分享: