Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
106年度台南水雉生態教育園區工作執行成果 Execution Results of 2017 BOHSR Environmental Work in Tainan Pheasant-tailed Jacana Eco-Educational Nature Park


The Tainan Pheasant-tailed Jacana Eco-Educational Nature Park was coordinated by BOHSR with relevant units and was established in 2000 consisting 15 hectares of pheasant-tailed jacana restoration habitat. The jacanas grew from less than 50 birds in year 2000 to 1,478 birds in the national jacana investigation conducted by the Park and many conservation organizations on Dec. 3, 2017. The population even grew 206 more than the calculation of 1,272 birds in 2016.
In 2017, there were 104 adult birds (34 female; 70 male) that participated in reproduction in which 145 nests were made and 526 eggs were laid. Among the eggs, 202 eggs were hatched from 71 nests and 113 nestlings survived. The total hatching rate was 38.4%, survival rate was 55.9% and the total reproduction rate was 21.5%. In July 2017, the heavy rain and typhoons caused disappearance of 31 nestlings and 166 jacanas were found dead eating poison bait. This phenomenon showed that although the population of jacanas has continued to grow, the threats posed by climate change and pesticides are also growing obstacles that the Park must face. The Park is currently drafting up countermeasures in response to the matter. Over the years, the Park has continuously promoted the concept of friendly farming and more and more people now support biodiversity and green conservation. The future of Taiwan's environment is still worth looking forward to.
In 2017, besides 16,835 individuals who entered the park, the Park also actively launched 94 of environmental education trainings and camps for teachers and students which attracted 3,602 participants. As a part of the task force, BOHSR sent 86 representatives to the Park for an educational training on Aug. 25 to show support and consensus in the Park's environmental concept. Furthermore, BOHSR attended the opening ceremony of Pheasant-tailed Jacana Ecological Festival on Sep. 23 in which the annual theme was “Satoyama for Jacanas”, targeting to restore farmland and wetland ecological services. Many farmers that have executed the friendly farming method were invited to the event to share their experiences. This showed that the task force’s efforts and work over the years has influenced to the farmers and has also won major public support.

  • 菱角鳥大調查時所發現的水雉近照(照片由官田水雉生態園區提供)。
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