Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
政府核定高鐵基本費率標準檢討結果 Summary of the Evaluation of Government-approved HSR Fare Standard

高速鐵路票價之訂定與調整係依據興建營運合約附件五「高速鐵路營運費率標準、調整時機與方式」辦理。按其規定,台灣高鐵公司得在「政府核定基本費率標準(FG)」(以下簡稱FG)向上20%範圍內,依交通部公告之「法定優待票交叉補貼因子」(C1)、「離峰、通勤及特定旅運需求等差別訂價調節因子」(C2)自訂該公司基本費率(FB),並據以訂定或調整票價。即FB≦FG×(1+C1+C2),其中C1+C2≦20%,C1≦12.5%,C2≦7.5%。
依據興建營運合約規定,交通部每年應依台灣地區消費者物價指數變動率檢討FG,並查核高鐵公司前一年度法定優待票與離峰、通勤及特定旅運需求等差別訂價之實際執行值,訂定C1及C2,於每年4月1日公告檢討結果。
交通部前於民國106年4月1日公告調整當年FG為4.134元/人公里,本(107)年度檢討因106年台灣地區消費者物價總指數之年變動率,及最近一次調整政府核定之基本費率標準(106年)至本年檢討之台灣地區消費者物價總指數累積變動率為0.62,均未達FG調整基準±3%,故107年政府核定基本費率標準FG不予調整,仍維持4.134元/人公里。
另查核台灣高鐵公司106年「法定優待票」與「離峰、通勤及特定旅運需求等差別定價優惠措施」實際執行值,試算之C1+C2為11.8%,因與最近一次核定公告結果12.2%之差異數在減少一個百分點內,依興建營運合約規定C1+C2不予調整,故本年度(C1+C2),107年仍維持12.2%。
本年4月1日因適逢例假日,交通部爰順延1日於107年4月2日公告:FG,107=4.134元/人公里;(C1+C2),107年=12.2%。

The establishment and adjustment of HSR fare is based on appendix 5, “fare standards and the adjustment timing and methods of HSR fares”, in the HSR Establishment and Operation Contract. According to regulations, THSRC should set the ticket fare (FB) within the range of 20% higher than the government-approved standard fare (FG) and establish and adjust ticket rates based on this principal. The determination of FB should also take into account the “cross-subsidization factor of the statutory discount fare (C1)” and “off-peak, commuting and specific travel pricing difference regulating factor (C2)” which was announced by the MOTC. The calculation of the fare is FB≦FG×(1+C1+C2), where C1+C2≦20%, C1≦12.5% and C2≦7.5%.
In accordance to the HSR Establishment and Operation Contract, MOTC shall not only evaluate FG with the reference of Taiwan’s GICP trend but also verify whether THSRC had set C1 and C2 based on the actual implementation value of pricing differences of statutory discount fares, off-peak fares, commuter fares and specific travel fares from the previous year. After thorough assessment, MOTC will then promulgate the evaluated results on April 1st each year.
The FG announced on Apr. 1, 2017 was NT$4.134/passenger-km. Regarding the FG this year (2018), taking into account the Consumer Price Index (CPI), the latest announced FG (2017) and the accumulated CPI since the last adjustment (2016) was 0.62, both FG did not reach the adjustment standard of ±3%. Therefore, the FG in 2018 will remain NT$4.134/passenger-km.
Furthermore, the value of C1+C2 in 2017 basing on the actual implementation value of “statutory discount fare” and “off-peak, commuting and specific travel pricing difference regulating preferential measures” was 11.8%, in which the variance comparing to 12.2% in 2017 was within one percentage. Thus, according to the HSR Establishment and Operation Contract, the value of C1+C2 will not be adjusted and will remain at 12.2%.
As Apr. 1, 2018 was a holiday, MOTC announced the results on Apr. 2: FG,2018=NT$4.134/passenger-km; (C1+C2),2018=12.2%.

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