Newsletter 高速鐵路簡訊 . 交通部高速鐵路工程局
回顧與展望 Retrospect and Prospect

政府為統籌辦理臺灣西部走廊高速鐵路建設之規劃與執行事宜,於民國79年7月成立「交通部高速鐵路工程籌備處」,自80年開始辦理綜合規劃、都市計畫變更及環境影響評估等工作;於86年1月31日改制成立「交通部高速鐵路工程局」(高鐵局成立)。
86年公告徵求民間機構參與高鐵計畫,歷經甄審、評選、議約等,於87年7月23日與台灣高速鐵路股份有限公司簽訂「興建營運合約」,興建期間高鐵局除協助台灣高鐵公司辦理各項興建事項,並依約辦理查驗、依法辦理竣工監查等作業,遂使高速鐵路全線於民國96年3月2日通車營運;104年12月新增的苗栗、彰化及雲林車站加入營運,隔年7月南港站啟用營運;期間同步推動高鐵新增五個車站特定區開發等業務。另因高鐵營運收入不如預期,高鐵局依政府之政策指導協助台灣高鐵公司歷經兩次財改,促使該公司財務穩健成長。
民國88年7月因應臺灣省政府功能業務與組織調整,高鐵局奉命接辦桃園國際機場聯外捷運系統業務,92年4月協議中止長生公司籌備合約,並改以「政府自建」方式辦理。規劃報告書於93年3月9日奉行政院核示同意;93年11月開始計畫之基本設計、發包、施工、系統安裝及系統測試等作業;105年11月20日完成穩定性測試,會同桃園市政府報請交通部辦理履勘,交通部於106年1月25日核發營運許可,桃園大眾捷運股份有限公司即於同年3月2日正式營運。
此外,為建置完整鐵路監理制度,交通部於100年1月以任務編組方式由高鐵局成立「鐵路營運監理小組」,藉由高鐵局過去監督台灣高鐵公司之實務經驗及專業技能,辦理臺鐵、高鐵、林鐵及糖鐵等相關監理業務。
為配合政府組織改造,交通部高速鐵路工程局與交通部鐵路改建工程局已於民國107年6月11日整併為「交通部鐵道局」。鐵道局將以全新的思考與行動,執行「鐵道建設」、發展「軌道產業」、落實「營運監理」、擘畫「場站開發」等目標作為業務推動主軸。
回顧高鐵局成立之目的,除執行高速鐵路建設相關計畫,並辦理桃園國際機場聯外捷運興建工程。高速鐵路通車後,著實改善西部走廊長程運輸,也實現「一日生活圈」之目標;桃園國際機場聯外捷運系統除提供機場聯外交通,也是第一條有直達車、普通車營運模式的捷運系統,不僅可以服務前往桃園國際機場之國內外旅客,也兼具城際運輸及通勤的功能。
高鐵局已完成階段性使命,感謝各級長官對高鐵局的指導與訓勉,感謝社會大眾與鐵道先進對高鐵局的支持與鼓勵,未來鐵道局將結合兩局豐沛的人力與經驗,以更嶄新的視野與企圖,結合產、官、學、研,接軌國際,為我國鐵道事業開啟全新的一頁。

For the integration of planning and execution actions of the high-speed rail construction for western Taiwan, the “Provisional Engineering Office of High Speed Rail” was established in July, 1990. Next, general planning, urban project alterations, environmental impact evaluations and relevant work took place since 1991. Then, on Jan. 31, 1997, the Provisional Engineering Office of High Speed Rail” was reformed into “Bureau of High-speed Rail” (the establishment of BOHSR).
In 1997, BOHSR promulgated the invitation for private organizations to take part in the HSR project. After audition, review, selection and negotiation, BOHSR officially signed the “Taiwan HSR Construction and Operation Contract” with Taiwan High-speed Rail Company (THSRC) on Jul. 23, 1998. During the construction phase, in addition to assisting THSRC in handling various construction matters, the BOHSR conducted inspections, audits and other operations in accordance with the contract and regulations. The HSR line was then opened to traffic on Mar. 2, 2007. In December, 2015, Miaoli, Changhua and Yunlin stations joined the operation; then in July, 2016, the final additional station, Nangang Station, was brought into official operation. During this period, BOHSR continuously promoted the development of the station districts of the 5 newly opened stations. On the other hand, due to lower income from HSR operations than expected, the BOHSR assisted THSRC in two financial reforms in accordance with the government’s policy guidance, which led to the steady growth of the company’s financial performance.
In July, 1999, in response to the functional and organizational adjustments of the Taiwan Provincial Government, BOHSR was ordered to take over the business of Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System (TIAA MRT System); in April, 2003, BOHSR suspended the preparatory contract with Changsheng Company and changed the approach of the project into “self-construction by government”. Following the action, the planning report was ratified by the Executive Yuan on Mar. 9, 2004; by Nov. 2004, the basic design, contracting, construction, system installation and system testing operations of the project embarked; on Nov. 20, 2016, the stability test of the system was completed in which BOHSR and Taoyuan City Government co-invited the MOTC to implement final inspection; the MOTC certified operation permission to the system on Jan. 25, 2017 and the Taoyuan Metro Corporation officially started operation by Mar. 2 in the same year.
In addition, MOTC assembled the “Railways Supervision Task Force” in Jan. 2011 for the purpose of establishing a comprehensive supervision system. By utilizing the practical experience and professional skills from supervising THSRC in the past, the task force handled related supervision services to TRA, HSR, forest railways and sugar railways.
In order to cooperate with the reform of the government organization, the “Bureau of High-speed Rail” and “Railway Reconstruction Bureau” have been consolidated into the “Railway Bureau, MOTC” on June 11, 2018. The Railway Bureau will apply new perspectives and actions to implement the goals of the backbone businesses of Railway Bureau including executing the “railway constructions”, developing the “railway industry”, implementing “operational supervision”, and planning “station development”.
Looking back at the purpose of setting up the BOHSR, it not only carried out all HSR-related projects but also implemented the TIAA MRT System construction. After the opening of the HSR, the system significantly improved long-distance transportation of western Taiwan and achieved the objective of “One-day Living Circle”. In addition to providing access roads to the airport, the TIAA MRT System pioneered in the operation mode of comprising both express and commuter trains. This operation mode can not only serve domestic and foreign travelers heading to Taoyuan International Airport, but also has the function of intercity transportation and commuting.
The BOHSR has completed its phased mission. We are grateful to all senior officials for their guidance and exhortation to the bureau, and we thank the public and railway pioneers for their support and encouragement. In the near future, the Railway Bureau will combine the abundant manpower and experience of the two bureaus with a new vision and an attempt to integrate forces in business, government, academic and research into the international community, opening a brand new page for Taiwan's railway industry.

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